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Posts for category: Skin Condition

By Dermatology Surgical & Medical Group
November 09, 2021
Category: Skin Condition
Seborrheic DermatitisSeborrheic dermatitis is one of the most common skin conditions that dermatologists diagnose and treat here in the US. If you notice any weird skin rashes or lesions on the skin, you may naturally be concerned about what’s going on. Whether you suspect that you might have seborrheic dermatitis or you’re not quite sure what’s going on, here are answers to some of the top questions dermatologists get regarding this chronic skin disorder.

What is seborrheic dermatitis?

This condition can affect both children and adults. This problem may first begin in infants. This scaly skin that develops on your infant’s head is also referred to as cradle cap. As an adult, seborrheic dermatitis can also affect the ears, nose, and eyebrows, as well as the armpits and groin. This scaly rash may also be itchy.

What causes it?

While the cause is still unknown certain things might trigger or cause a flare-up. This includes everything from stress and genetics to certain medical conditions and living in cold, dry climates.

Who is at risk for developing seborrheic dermatitis?

Newborns are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis; however, adults between the ages of 30-60 are also at risk. Some risk factors that can raise your risk as an adult include:
  • Acne
  • Oily skin
  • Alcoholism
  • Psoriasis
  • Rosacea
  • AIDS
  • Depression
Is there a cure?

While there is no cure for seborrheic dermatitis, the good news is that sometimes this condition clears up on its own without treatment. If you are dealing with persistent or severe flare-ups, then it’s time to talk with a dermatologist about ways to better control your symptoms.

How is it treated?

A dermatologist will start with simple, conservative treatment options such as topical medications, lotions, creams, or shampoos that contain ingredients such as coal tar, salicylic acid, or zinc pyrithione. If your baby is dealing with seborrheic dermatitis, make sure you talk to the child’s pediatrician before you use anything on their scalp.

Sometimes sulfur-based skincare products or corticosteroid creams are prescribed by a dermatologist to treat more severe flare-ups that aren’t responding to over-the-counter treatment options.

If you are experiencing symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis, it’s always a good idea to turn to a dermatologist who is qualified to properly evaluate, diagnose, and treat any conditions impacting the skin, nails, or hair. Turn to a dermatologist today for the treatment and care you need to get seborrheic dermatitis under control.
By Dermatology Surgical & Medical Group
October 13, 2021
Category: Skin Condition
Tags: Diaper Rash  
Diaper RashDiaper rash is a common problem for babies and toddlers who are not yet toilet trained. Diaper rash is defined as any red rash appearing on the area of skin normally covered by a diaper. If you notice that your baby is fussier than usual or crying at diaper changes, a rash may be the cause. 
 
Causes of Diaper Rash
  • Sensitivity to diapers or wipes
  • Food sensitivities
  • Excess moisture
  • Bacteria or fungus
There is a myriad of reasons a diaper rash might occur and many of them look similar. Babies have sensitive skin that sometimes doesn't take well to scented diapers or wet wipes. This can be remedied by changing brands or asking your provider for a gentler suggestion. Excess moisture in the diaper from too infrequent changes can wreak havoc on a baby's skin, causing red, uncomfortable rashes. Sometimes rashes occur because of bacteria or fungus in the diaper area, most likely due to left behind fecal particles.
 
Treating and Preventing Diaper Rash
  • Creams 
  • Frequent diaper changes
  • Good hygiene
 
Treating diaper rash is usually fairly easy and most rashes should clear up in a matter of days. Once treated, it is recommended that caregivers help prevent future rashes by keeping the area dry and clean as much as possible. 

The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests the use of warm water to clean the diaper area during changes, should wet wipes not be enough. Creams or emollients can serve as a barrier between the skin and the diaper to prevent further chafing and to keep the skin dry in between changes. 

Diapers should be changed every few hours and whenever they become soiled. Your child's provider will be able to tell you more if you notice a diaper rash that is persistent or not responding to frequent changes, good hygiene, and diaper creams. Oral medicines or medicated creams may be prescribed on a case-by-case basis. These steps should prevent more discomfort and make diaper changing time a more pleasant experience for everyone involved.
By Dermatology Surgical & Medical Group
September 16, 2021
Category: Skin Condition
Hair Follicle InfectionsWhen red inflamed bumps appear it’s easy to assume it’s just acne, but it could be a sign of an infected hair follicle. This common skin problem, which is referred to as folliculitis, is caused by either bacteria or fungus and can develop just about anywhere on the body or face. While minor cases may be treated at home, it’s also important to recognize when you should turn to a dermatologist for care.

What are the signs and symptoms of folliculitis?

You could have folliculitis if you notice,
  • Small red bumps that develop around hair follicles (most common on the legs)
  • Bumps that contain pus
  • Bumps that blister or burst open
  • Tender, itchy, or burning skin around these bumps
It can be easy to mistake folliculitis for other skin disorders and conditions, so it’s also a good idea to see a dermatologist if your symptoms don’t go away in a few days or if your symptoms are widespread or spreading.

What are the types of folliculitis?

There are different forms of folliculitis. The most common type is known as razor bumps, which you may notice around the groin or face, especially in those with naturally curly hair. “Hot tub” folliculitis is a bacterial infection that is often found in hot tubs (as well as heated pools) and can lead to a red, itchy, and bumpy rash.

Bacterial folliculitis is a common form and is characterized by whitehead-like or pus-filled bumps. This is a sign of a Staph infection and should be treated by a dermatologist as soon as possible.

How is folliculitis treated?

A lot will depend on the cause; however, treatment is often necessary if the infection doesn’t go away within a few days. Bacterial infections will respond best to antibiotics while yeast infections and other fungi will require antifungal medications. Of course, there are a ton of skin conditions and infections that can cause similar symptoms, so it’s always best to see a dermatologist before trying over-the-counter remedies.

If you notice any signs of a new or worsening skin infection, it’s always a good idea to turn to your dermatologist right away for a proper evaluation and to make sure you get the appropriate treatment you need to get rid of the infection fast.
By Dermatology Surgical & Medical Group
June 08, 2021
Category: Skin Condition
Tags: Alopecia  
AlopeciaIt can be incredibly distressing when you start to lose your hair unexpectedly. Alopecia is something that affects both men and women and this autoimmune disorder causes patches of hair to fall out. This condition is most often found in women under 30.
 
Alopecia Can Be Hereditary

If you develop alopecia you may want to point a finger at your genetics. In fact, both parents have the ability to pass down alopecia to their children. So, if you have a family member with alopecia areata then you may be more likely to develop this condition at some point during your lifetime. Of course, genetics isn’t the only factor that plays a role in whether or not you develop alopecia. There are other deciding factors, as well.
 
Alopecia Targets the Hair Follicles

As we mentioned above, alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder, which means that the body attacks the hair follicles, causing them to slow or even halt hair growth. There are different kinds of alopecia and people experience different symptom severities. Some people may notice hair regrowth in a few months while others may not. Again, you must have a dermatologist that you can turn to for answers.
 
There are Solutions for Managing Alopecia

While there is no cure, there are treatment options out there that can help stimulate hair growth and reduce the immune system response. The type and severity of your alopecia, along with your age and the severity of your hair loss will play major roles in what types of treatment options are best for you. This is something that a skincare professional can discuss with you during your consultation.
 
For those with milder symptoms, there are injectable and topical medications that could help. Common treatments include,
  • Topical or injectable corticosteroids
  • Minoxidil solution (applied to the scalp to regrow hair)
  • Anthralin cream
Those with more severe symptoms may respond better to these treatment options,
  • Oral steroids
  • Immunomodulatory medications
  • Topical immunotherapy
If you are dealing with sudden hair loss, it’s important to talk with a dermatologist to find out what’s going on, so you know the best way to treat it. Alopecia can be distressing, but your dermatologist can provide you with options to improve hair regrowth and to once again boost your confidence in your appearance.
By Dermatology Surgical & Medical Group
April 05, 2021
Category: Skin Condition
Atopic DermatitisWhen we think of skin disorders, we most often assume that these are problems that mostly adults deal with; however, children and teens can also deal with a wide range of skin problems. One of them is atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis, also referred to as pediatric eczema, is a chronic skin problem that causes flare-ups of itchy, dry, red skin.

What causes atopic dermatitis in children?

Atopic dermatitis is surprisingly common among newborns and kids. Certain factors may play a role in whether your child develops atopic dermatitis. Some of these factors include genetics, weather, environment, temperature, and allergies. If dermatitis runs in your family then your child may be more at risk.

What are the signs of pediatric atopic dermatitis?

Not sure if your child is dealing with atopic dermatitis? Many of the symptoms are not unique to atopic dermatitis so it can be difficult to tell. This is why it’s important to turn to a qualified dermatologist if your child is dealing with any of these issues,
  • Dry skin
  • Intensely itchy skin
  • Thick, red, or swollen skin
  • Fluid-filled or crusty bumps on the skin
  • Rough bumps on the face or arms
  • Hives
How is atopic dermatitis treated?

There are several factors that a dermatologist will need to take into account to determine the best treatment plan for your child. Factors such as their overall health as well as the severity of their symptoms will play roles in the type of treatments we recommend. Your child’s treatment plan will include,
  • Avoiding known irritants and triggers such as certain soaps, detergents, and allergens (e.g., pet danger)
  • Keeping your child’s nails trim to prevent scratching and infection
  • Using gentle cleansers and products on your child’s skin
  • Corticosteroid creams
  • Antihistamines
  • Phototherapy (light therapy)
  • Biologics (strong medications used only in severe and unresponsive cases)
If your child is displaying signs of atopic dermatitis, you must schedule an appointment with your dermatologist to find out what’s going on. Any kind of persistent or recurring rash should be looked at by a skincare professional.